At the top of the southern shaft, an open leat or head race was dug southeast along the west bank of the Irwell.

botany bay colliery, clifton

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The canal company consulted Benjamin Outram who recommended the construction of a second lock in Fletcher's Canal but Fletcher enlarged the lock to create a chamber 90 feet (27.4 m) long by 21 feet (6.4 m) wide that had a fall of 20 inches (51 cm) and could accommodate three narrow boats side by side. next to the name to see the web page. The round brick shape is what is called the Gal Pit, which used to go right deep into the ground by 100 of feet lifting things in and out of the pit.

[2] If Fletcher gave the colliery its name, this would then have been between those dates. The Clifton Aqueduct took the canal across the river downstream of Botany Bay Colliery but disputes over water rights and usage meant it took five years for Fletcher's Canal to be linked. Jacob Fletcher lived in Bolton and owned small coal mines in Harwood and Breightmet, Bolton. Bolton Road, with tramway, runs through the map and to the west of this are Inspection and inquiry. The Exide Battery Works, Clifton Junction, 1925. https://www.gracesguide.co.uk/index.php?title=Clifton_and_Kersley_Coal_Co&oldid=726647, Creative A hive of industry at Clifton Hall's northern portal during operations to infill its barrel. The Pilkingtons undertook the final phase of expansion at the pit. This arm was approximately 380 yards long. Battery operated locomotives were brought in to assist. (44,000 tons), 1896 - Clifton - 346 (305 below, 41 surface), 1923 - Clifton - 385 (330 below, 55 surface), 1933 - Clifton - 285 (233 below, 52 surface), 1940 - Clifton - 285 (233 below, 52 surface), 1947 - Clifton - 245 (208 below, 37 surface), 1853 (Jan-Jun) Mines Inspectors Report, by Joseph Dickinson, H.M. W. W. Pilkington, Prescot, glass manufacturer. Fletcher became the chairman of the Mersey and Irwell Navigation and a committeeman of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal Company. If you know of any fatalities missing from the above list then please In the eighteenth century and the first half of the nineteenth the collieries were worked on a small scale by the Fletcher family, whose consulting engineer was James Brindley.

E. Pilkington, Clifton, colliery proprietor. Although started in 1791, the canal was not linked and navigable until 1800. with the details and we will add them to our database.

An additional banksman has been appointed to assist, Cranksbrow, J., 26 Oct 1853, aged Boy, Fall of roof, Farnworth, R., 29 May 1861, (accident: 06 May 1861), aged 18, Drawer, Fall of roof in the waggon way in the Bas pit ; died on the 29th, Fogg, James, 21 Mar 1853, Explosion of firedamp in the Manor pit, Fox, Acton, 17 Jan 1862, aged 13, Miner's boy, Fall of earth in Doe mine, Manor pit. The workings were plagued with water, which entered from the River Irwell via the Pendleton Fault. Worked following day. Wet Earth Colliery was begun in 1751 when Heathcote sank a deep shaft to the seam about half a mile to the south-east but he ran into technical difficulties and had to call on the help of Matthew Fletcher.[2].
Inspector of Mines, 1861 Mines Inspectors Report, North and East Lancashire District, by Joseph Dickinson, H.M. The map links up with Lancashire Sheets 95.12 Clifton to the north, 95.15 Wardley to the west, 96.13 Rainsough to the east and 103.04 Swinton Park to the south. Gal Pit reached as far as the Doe coal seam. also include a photograph of the deceased.

[nb 1] This seam was 9 ft 7½ in thick and dipped at a gradient of 1 in 3½ to the south-west and outcrops in the river valley. The secondary sources do not tell us where the colliery was situated, but the earliest of the O.S. Newtown Mill, Bridgewater Mill, Moss Side Mill, Market Place, Royal Oak Print Works, and the area known as Newtown.

Each map includes an introduction.

It had to overcome several obstacles, not least that there was no flowing water on the site to power a pump and that the pithead was 23 feet (7 m) above the level of the River Irwell.[1]. "[1] This tallies better with the location near the pub. [2] Inspector of Mines, 1881 Mines Inspectors Report (C 3241), Manchester District by Joseph Dickinson, H.M. In 1880 serious mining subsidence occurred on Fletcher's Canal that caused it to be closed for about nine months while repairs were affected and in 1892 Botany Bay Colliery closed.

At the top of the southern shaft, an open leat or head race was dug southeast along the west bank of the Irwell.

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