treaty of fez
As the new Sultan of Morocco, he was unable to keep Morocco under control. The Treaty of Fez granted the concession for exploitation of the iron mines of Mount Uixan to the Spanish Rif Mines Company, which was also given permission to build a railroad to connect the mines with Melilla. Private agreements among the United Kingdom, Italy and France in 1904, collectively known as the Entente Cordiale, made without consulting the sultan, had divided the Maghreb into spheres of influence, with France given Morocco. …choice but to sign the Treaty of Fez (March 30, 1912), by which Morocco became a French protectorate. As part of the treaty, Germany ceded France a small area of territory to the south-east of Fort Lamy, now part of Chad. March 30th, 1912 The Treaty of Fez was signed. According to the treaty, this left the Moroccan government in control of its own citizens. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. 30 Mar 1912 Treaty of Fez In March 1912 Sultan Abd al-Hafid of Morocco, his kingdom by now overrun by French forces, signed the Treaty of Fez with the French diplomat Eugène Regnault. The Treaty of Fez (Arabic language: معاهدة فاس ) was a treaty signed on 30 March 1912 in which Sultan Abdelhafid agreed to allow France to make Morocco a French protectorate, ending the Agadir Crisis of 1 July 1911.
In Morocco: Decline of traditional government (1830–1912) …choice but to sign the Treaty of Fez (March 30, 1912), by which Morocco became a French protectorate. In 1907, Abdelhafid began rebelling against his brother, who was the sultan of Morocco prior to the rebellion, Abdelaziz. In return, the French guaranteed that the status of the sultan and his successors would be maintained. The signers to the Treaty of Fes (also known as the Treaty of Fez) met in Morocco — Eugene Regnault, France 's representative in Tangier had negotiated the treaty with the sultan, Mulay Abd al-Hafid. The Treaty of Fez (Arabic language: معاهدة فاس) was a treaty signed on 30 March 1912 in which Sultan Abdelhafid agreed to allow France to make Morocco a French protectorate, ending the Agadir Crisis of 1 July 1911. As Sultan of Morocco Abdelhafid signed the Treaty of Fez, which gave France a protectorate over Morocco. In Marrakech, Abdelhafid was able to turn the Moroccan people against his brother because of Abdelaziz's Western ways. The Sultan was deposed in 1908. The French Protectorate begins in 1912 After many months of negotiation, Abd al-Hafid, Sultan of Morocco at the time, signs the Treaty of Fez in March, 1912, making Morocco a French Protectorate. The treaty was perceived as a betrayal by Moroccan nationalists and led to the 1912 Fez riots and the War of the Rif (1919–26) between the Spanish and the Moroccan Riffians and the Jebala tribes. The Sultan was to agree to make Morocco into European protectorates and sign the Treaty of Fez. Their leader became Abd el-Krim, who, after driving back the Spanish, founded a short-lived state, the Republic of the Rif. As a result, Abdelaziz was forced to flee to Tangier. After that, he went to Fez and became the new Sultan of Morocco. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
And so when Fez came on the horizon ... that was it, the Treaty of Fez, 100th anniversary of Morocco becoming a protectorate of France. Moroccan law and order continued to deteriorate under his successor, Abdelhafid, who in favour of his brother Yusef after signing the Treaty of Fez. This agreement officially made Morocco into a French protectorate. … In Morocco, the young Sultan Abdelaziz acceded in 1894 at the age of ten, and Europeans became the main advisers at the court, while local rulers became more and more independent from the sultan.
This land, known as Neukamerun, became part of the German colony of Kamerun, part of German West Africa, although it only lasted briefly until it was captured by the Allies in World War I. , Spain also gained a zone of influence in Northern Morocco which became Spanish Morocco. The Sultan was than forced to get help from the French. His brother, Yusef, was then proclaimed Sultan by the French administration, while Abd al-Hafid was exiled to a palace in Tangier.
The Berbers were leading rebellions in Morocco, which made the Sultan in need protection. FES, TREATY OF (1912) Document providing for the establishment of the French protectorate over Morocco, initialed in Fez, 30 March 1912.
Harold D. Nelson, "Morocco, a country study" Foreign Area Studies, The American University, DA Pamphlet No.550-49 (Washington, DC 1985), p 43, quoted in, People of the American Civil War by state, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, "The Development of Nationalism in French Morocco", https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/272660.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A9eac33518074802fd1b5b644f57088d7, GlobalSecurity.org: "The United Nations Failure in Southern Morocco" 1997, Franco-Spanish conquest of Morocco (1893–1932), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Fez?oldid=4077375. Moroccan nationalists dispute this, noting that France still influenced Moroccan affairs as a result of the treaty. The Sultan was than forced to get help from the French. Under Sultan Abdelhafid, there was a lot of chaos and disorder because the Sultan was a bad ruler. Sultan Abdelhafid was born between 1875 and 1880 and died on April 4, 1937.
These rebellions was a method of responding to his bad ruling after taking over the country from his brother, Abdelaziz. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Treaty-of-Fes, Morocco: Decline of traditional government (1830–1912). Germany recognised the French protectorate in Morocco, receiving in return territories in the French Equatorial African colony of Middle Congo (now the Republic of the Congo). France gained authority over non-Moroccan citizens in legislative, military, foreign policy and jurisdictional transactions. After getting the support of the people of Marrakech, he was able to get his brother removed. In 1909, Abdelhafid made an attack on the French army located in Casablanca. A protectorate is any country or territory that maintains its own internal government, but is under the control of an outside power or country. By the agreement signed with France and Spain in November that year, Spain gained a zone of influence in the Rif and the Cape Juby areas, where the Sultan remained nominally the sovereign and was represented by a vice regent under the control of the Spanish high commission..
In return, the French guaranteed that the status of the sultan and his successors would be maintained.
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